Paradigms
A Research Journal of Commerce, Economics, and Social Sciences
Online ISSN: 2410-0854
Print ISSN: 1996-2800
 
     
 

Paradigms Journal

Environment, motivation and learning preferences: A study of higher education students in Pakistan
Author(s) :
Raza Ullah (Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Bushra Yasmeen (Department of Sociology, Lahore Leads University, Lahore, Pakistan )
Abstract
Approaches to learning are the ways of going about learning. Three main approaches have been identified in research on student learning: a deep approach, a surface approach and a strategic approach. This study aimed at investigating relationship between perceptions of the learning environment, academic motivation, learning preferences and approaches to studying among higher education students in Pakistan. The study was conducted with the students in B.A. /B.Sc. Honors’ and Master Degree programs at two universities. A questionnaire was administered to a randomly selected sample of the students. Correlation analysis was carried out to examine the relationship between the perceptions, academic motivation, learning preferences and approaches to learning. The results of the study showed that the students who had positive perceptions of the learning environment, adopted the deep approaches to studying, whereas, those who had negative perceptions, adopted the surface approaches to studying. Moreover, the findings showed meaningful association between the perceptions, academic motivation, learning preferences and approaches to studying. 
Keywords: Approaches to learning; perceptions of learning environment; academic motivation; learning preferences; higher education student
 
 

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